Editing Services

When it comes to editing, the word means different things to different people. Truth be told, they are all correct. The question is what level of editing are you looking for? Do you want something simply "cleaned up" of grammatical issues before you send it off to an agent or editor? Are you looking for a second set of eyes to catch plotline and continuity issues? Are you someone with a great idea, but you really need someone you can call on from start to finish for tips and advice to get your work where you really want it? DRE&MS is here to help you wherever you might be. Deborah Richardson has worked in and around publishing for the past twenty years, as a magazine reviewer, with an upstart publishing house and one on one with published authors. She is ready to help you to show your work in the best light possible. All you need to do is figure out what level of help you are looking for.

Developmental Editing. Any or all of the following ways:
  • working with the client and, usually, the author of a book or other document to develop a manuscript from initial concept, outline, or draft (or some combination of the three) through any number of subsequent drafts
  • making suggestions about content, organization, and presentation, based on analysis of competing works, comments of expert reviewers, the client's market analysis, and other appropriate references
  • rewriting, writing, and researching, as needed, and sometimes suggesting topics or providing information about topics for consideration of authors and clients
Substantive Editing. Improving a manuscript in any or all of the following ways:
  • identifying and solving problems of overall clarity or accuracy
  • reorganizing paragraphs, sections, or chapters to improve the order in which the text is presented
  • writing or rewriting segments of text to improve readability and flow of information
  • revising any or all aspects of the text to improve its presentation
  • consulting with others about issues of concern
  • incorporating responses to queries and suggestions creating a new draft of the document
Copyediting (sometimes called line editing). Any or all of the following:
  • correcting spelling, grammar, punctuation, syntax, and word usage while preserving the meaning and voice of the original text
  • checking for or imposing a consistent style and format
  • preparing a style sheet that documents style and format
  • reading for overall clarity and sense on behalf of the prospective audience
  • querying the appropriate party about apparent errors or inconsistencies
  • noting permissions needed to publish copyrighted material
  • preparing a manuscript for the next stage of the publication process
  • cross-checking references, art, figures, tables, equations, and other features for consistency with their mentions in the text
Proofreading. Comparing the latest stage of text with the preceding stage, marking discrepancies in text, and, when appropriate, checking for problems in page makeup, layout, color separation, or type. Proofreading may also include one or more of the following:
  • checking proof against typesetting specifications
  • querying or correcting errors or inconsistencies that may have escaped an editor or writer
  • reading for typographical errors or for sense without reading against copy
This "Levels of Editing" text was prepared by the Freelance Editorial Association.